According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, “Presbyopia is when your eyes gradually lose the ability to see things clearly up close. It is a normal part of aging.” This condition occurs when the lens of the eye becomes less flexible and the eye muscles can no longer effectively shape the lens to focus on near objects.
Symptoms of Presbyopia
Though symptoms of Presbyopia can come in many forms, the following are the most common:
- Headaches or feeling tired from doing up-close work;
- Need to hold reading materials at arm’s length;
- Hard time reading small print or objects that are close by;
- Or require more light to see those objects
While people don’t generally notice any issues until the age of 40, symptoms can appear earlier. If you find that you need to hold reading materials further away, schedule an appointment with your doctor. Depending on the severity of your problem, you may need reading glasses or further treatment. Typically, the process stabilizes around age 65.
Presbyopia vs Hyperopia
The symptoms of Hyperopia (farsightedness) and presbyopia are similar, but the causes are different. Unlike Presbyopia, Hyperopia occurs when the eye is shorter than normal or has a flat cornea, causing light rays to focus beyond the retina – not on it. In Hyperopia, distant objects will be clear but near objects will appear blurred.
Treatment of Presbyopia
There is no way to stop or reverse the process, but presbyopia can be corrected with glasses (bifocals, trifocals or progressive), contact lenses (monovision, multifocal) or refractive surgery. If you chose not to correct presbyopia, you may have headaches and eye strain.
For additional information, speak with your doctor.